Introduction: Suicide is the third cause of death among young people aged between 15 and 19 years. Suicidal behavior in adolescence is the consequence of an imbalance between risk and the protective factors.
Objectives : The primary objective of the study was to identify the bio-psycho-social risk factors involved in the suicidal behavior in adolescents and how they correlate with age, gender, motivation and method of suicide.
Material and method : Was conducted a retrospective study on 93 patients admitted for attempted suicide in the Pediatric Clinic III Timişoara betweeN 01.01.2010 – 31.12.2014. For each case was established a research document which contained : gender, age, origin (urban / rural), suicidal method chosen, model of suicidal behavior and suicide reason, psychopathological disorders.
Results : Depression was the most common disorder in relation to suicide attempts, with a percentage of 35.5%, followed by conduct disorders, with a percentage of 26.9%, anxious depressive disorder, addictive disorder 15,1%, anxiety disorder 10.8%. Regarding the family environment, 12.9% of the people included in the survey presented a conflictual family environment, 37.6% a disorganized family environment, 16.1% had low living conditions. Conclusions : Depression, conduct disorder, anxiety disorders are the main psychiatric pathologies associated with suicidal behavior in this study. Also, conflictual family environment or the lack of family support influence the adolescent’s behavior and its reaction to stress, and can lead to suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts.