We will present the results of a study effectuated on high risk children, offsprings of parents with endogen depression, in comparison with the offsprings of the parents with schizophrenia. We utilized three standardised instruments: Children Behavioral Checklist (CBCL), Family Identification Probe (PIF), the Fifth(V) Axe – DSM IV. Through the CBCL application on the parents of children we evaluated the way in which the parents do see their children, their perception of their children. PIF offered us informations about the way in wich the children do see their parents, and their capacity to identify themselves with them. Through the Fifth Axe of DSM IV the abnorm psychosocial conditions have been evaluated.